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Humoral and cellular immune responses after 6 months of a heterologous SARS-CoV-2 booster with the protein-based PHH-1V vaccine in a phase IIb trial


Corominas J, Garriga C, Prenafeta A et al.  


The HIPRA-HH-2 was a multicentre, randomized, active-controlled, double-blind, non-inferiority phase IIb clinical trial to compare the immunogenicity and safety of a heterologous booster with PHH-1V adjuvanted recombinant vaccine versus a homologous booster with mRNA vaccine. Interim results showed a strong humoral and cellular immune response against the SARS-CoV-2 Wuhan-Hu-1 strain and the Beta, Delta, and Omicron BA.1 variants up to day 98 after dosing. Here we report that these humoral and cellular responses after PHH-1V dosing are sustained up to 6 months. These results are observed both when including or not participants who reported SARS-CoV-2 infection and in a high-risk population (≥65 years). Additional analysis revealed a non-inferiority of PHH-1V booster in eliciting neutralizing antibodies also for SARS-CoV-2 Omicron XBB.1.5 when compared to mRNA vaccine after 6 months. The PHH-1V vaccine provides long-lasting protection against a wide variety of SARS-CoV-2 emerging variants to prevent severe COVID-19.